Books on Nudibranchs and other Sea-slugs

Behrens, D.W., 1980. Pacific Coast Nudibranchs. 112pp. Sea Challengers, Los Osos, California. Well-reproduced photographs and a text covering all 137 Opisthobranchs known from Alaska to Baja California plus 25 undescribed species.

Bertsch, H. and S. Johnson, 1981. Hawaiian Nudibranchs. Oriental Publishing Company, Box 22162, Honolulu, Hawaii 96822. Photographic guide to Hawaiian nudibranchs. Underwater photographs of many of the nudibranchs found around the Hawaiian Islands with sparse text but interesting detail. Some misleading identifications.

McDonald, G.R. & J.W. Nybakken, 1980. Guide to the Nudibranchs of California. American Malacologists Inc. 72pp. Useful sections on Biology, photography and collecting but colour separations are poor quality. Key to all species covered. Table of food associations.

Just, H. & M. Edmunds, 1985. North Atlantic Nudibranchs (Mollusca) seen by Henning Lemche. Ophelia supplementum 2. A collection of paintings which H. Lemche hoped would eventually form the basis of a book on North Atlantic nudibranchs. Lemche was a confirmed splitter, and some of the most interesting illustrations are of specimens which have cannot be identified with any known species.

Orr, J.D. 1981. Hong Kong Nudibranchs. Urban Council of Hong Kong. 82pp. Photographs of average quality and descriptions of the external appearance of 54 species of nudibranchs from the rich Hong Kong fauna. Text is lacking in detail and many species are unidentified or misidentified.

Russell, H.D., 1971. Index Nudibranchia. A Catalogue of the Literature 1554-1965. Delaware Museum of Natural History. 141pp. A list of publications arranged alphabetically by author, with indeces to taxa, type localities and subject.

Thompson, T.E., 1976. Nudibranchs. T.F.H. Publications Inc. 96pp. A general introduction to nudibranch biology, illustrated with colour photographs.

Thompson, T.E., 1988. Molluscs: Benthic Opisthobranchs (Mollusca: Gastropoda). Linnean Society, Synopses of the British Fauna (new series) No.8. (Second Edition) 356pp. Keys, descriptions and line drawings of the British Opisthobranchs.

Thompson, T.E. & G.H. Brown, 1976. British Opisthobranch Molluscs. Linnean Society, Synopses of the British Fauna (new series) No.8. 203pp. Keys, short descriptions and line drawings of the British Opisthobranchs. Omits some 23 species due to lumping and new discoveries. Now replaced by Thompson, 1988.

Thompson, T.E. & G.H. Brown, 1984. Biology of Opisthobranch Molluscs, Volume 2. Ray Society. The standard work on British nudibranchs, with up to date information and colour paintings of nearly all species.

Willan, R.C. & Coleman, N. 1989. Nudibranchs of Australasia. Australasian Marine Photographic Index, Sydney, Australia.

Yonge, C.M. & T.E. Thompson, 1976. Living Marine Molluscs. Collins. 288pp. An authoritative text dealing with the biology and classification of the Mollusca.

Journals to watch for Opisthobranch research.

Journal of Conchology. Conchological Society. 2 issues per year.

Journal of Molluscan Studies. Malacological Society of London. 4 issues per year.


Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. Linnean Society of London. 12 issues per year.

Authors of taxonomic papers published in scientific journals.

Burn, R. Robert Burn is an amateur who has studied Opisthobranchs in Australia for a long time and described many new species. His publications are mostly in Australian journals.

Cattaneo-Vietti, R. Riccardo is the leading Opisthobranch worker in Italy, collecting mostly by SCUBA diving.

Edmunds, M. Malcolm Edmunds is based at Preston Polytechnic in England, but has worked in Africa. His early publications deal with British species but latterly he has studied African and tropical west Atlantic species.

Garcia-Gomez, J.C. Based in Seville J.C. Garcia-Gomez works mostly on the rich fauna of the Spanish Mediterranean coasts, with several collaborators.

Gosliner, T.M. Terry Gosliner is a prolific worker who is based at the California Academy of Sciences. He worked on the American Pacific coast fauna, then spent some time at the South African museum in Cape Town before returning to California. He is currently concentrating on the Indo-Pacific fauna. He is a keen SCUBA diver.

Miller, M. Michael Miller worked on the nudibranchs of the Isle of Man for his doctorate, then moved to Auckland, New Zealand, where he has studied the local fauna and inspired many of his students including Bill Rudman and Richard Willan.

Ortea, J.A. One of a group of enthusiastic Spanish workers actively describing species primarily from the Atlantic coasts of Spain.

Rudman, W.B. Probably the most prolific of workers at the present time. Bill Rudman works at the Australian Museum in Sydney and specialises in the Indo-West Pacific nudibranch fauna. He has published a huge series of papers on Chromodorididae in the Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society as well as occasional papers on other genera in Journal of Molluscan Studies, etc. and popular articles in magazines such as Australian Natural History. The Australian museum collections include much recently collected material donated by divers.

Urgorri, V. Based at the University of Santiago de Compostela, Vittorio is one of the active workers in Spain who have made many recent discoveries in that region.

Willan, R.C. An enthusiastic worker based in the Northern Territory Museum of Arts and Sciences, Darwin, Australia. Richard Willan took his doctorate in Auckland, New Zealand and has a particular interest in mimicry in nudibranchs. He is a SCUBA diver.